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Such statements are called defamation of character. Malice is defined as actual knowledge that the statement is false or reckless disregard as to whether the statement was false.There are two types of defamation Person A writes an article in the newspaper claiming that Person B has robbed numerous banks. Public figures include celebrities, politicians, and other people who are publicly prominent, such that discussion of them is of public interest.The conviction in 1727 of Edmund Curll for the publication of Venus in the Cloister or the Nun in her Smock under the common law offence of disturbing the peace appears to be the first conviction for obscenity in the United Kingdom, and set a legal precedent for other convictions.
These include Arizona, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, South Carolina, and Tennessee. Some state authorities issued injunctions against such films to protect "local community standards"; in New York the print of Deep Throat was seized mid-run, and the film's exhibitors were found guilty of promoting obscenity.
Twenty more states were considering such legislation in 2001–2002. The Classification and Rating Administration (CARA) issues ratings for motion pictures exhibited and distributed commercially to the public in the United States, with the intent to provide parents information concerning the content of those motion pictures, to aid them in determining the suitability of individual motion pictures for viewing by their children.
CARA will rate any motion picture at any time before or after it is exhibited or distributed in the United States." The chart of fees and the ratings may be seen by scrolling down through.
The word can be used to indicate a strong moral repugnance, in expressions such as "obscene profits" or "the obscenity of war". is unusual in that there is no uniform national standard.
In the United States of America, issues of obscenity raise issues of limitations on the freedom of speech and of the press, which are otherwise protected by the First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States. Former Justice Potter Stewart of the Supreme Court of the United States, in attempting to classify what material constituted exactly "what is obscene," famously wrote, "I shall not today attempt further to define the kinds of material I understand to be embraced ...